Generic key
Sexual characteristics


Generic key based on Covain & Fisch-Muller (2007): The genera of the Neotropical armored catfish subfamily Loricariinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae): a practical key and synopsis. Zootaxa 1462: 1-40. The shown drawings are used with permission of the author and publisher of the former named document.

The key is extended by Fonchiiloricaria by Rodríguez et al. (2011) by the rediagnosis of Cteniloricaria by Covain et al. (2012) and the description of Cheilonimata by Provenzano-Rizzi (2023)


Step by step | Complete


  • Caudal fin with i-12-i or i-11-i rays; teeth pedunculated, bicuspid, numerous (more than 10 per premaxillae), organized in comb and weakly differentiated; sometimes with filamentous extensions on pectoral, dorsal, upper and/or lower caudal spines
  • Caudal fin with i-10-i rays; teeth straight, bicuspid, spoon-shaped, not numerous (less than 20 per premaxillae), strongly differentiated, sometimes reduces in size or absent; often with more or less strong whip on upper caudal spine